Discover key locations in Roman Hispania with the Heritage Cities. One of these is Segovia with its impressive aqueduct. Meanwhile, there are different Roman monuments on the Seneca Route in Cordoba. Mérida, the former capital of Lusitania, is home to an important archaeological site housing the Mérida Theatre, headquarters of the Classical Theatre Festival. Tarragona was the capital of the largest province of the Empire and is home to several remains from that period such as the amphitheatre and the necropolis. In turn, Alcalá de Henares is the only Roman city of in the Region of Madrid and stands out for its rich archaeology.
Alcalá de Henares
The Roman city of Complutum, Alcalá de Henares is the only Roman city of in the Region of Madrid and stands out for its rich archaeology.
Excavations have opened up the city’s forum where a large complex comprising a basilica, public baths, a cryptoporticus, a market and a large monumental façade stands out. Alongside the forum is the Domus with an extraordinary collection of Roman domestic mural paintings. On the outskirts is the House of Hippolytus, an old school. In turn, the Regional Archaeology Museum holds highly valuable mosaics.
The Roman citizen from Cordoba would be, par excellence, Seneca who, alongside Lucan, is the greatest example of Roman culture which left a deep imprint on the city.
There is a variety of Roman vestiges to be discovered: the Roman temple, the Public Fora, the Roman House of Bailío, the Roman Villa of Santa Rosa, the Palace of Maximianus Herculeus, the Mausoleum, the Theatre and Amphitheatre, the mosaics and sarcophagus in the Christian Monarchs Fort, or the many remains on display in the renovated Archaeology and Ethnology Museum.
Cordoba has a programme for uncovering Roman Cordoba including visits to all these spots.
Mérida, the former Augusta Emerita Colony and capital of the Lusitania province, is an excellent archaeological site allowing visitors to see an approximation of the private life of Hispanic Romans. There is a combination of all elements that made daily life possible in the archaeological areas, some perfectly preserved: fora, defensice structures such as the city wall; spaces for leisure and competitions: the circus, amphitheatre, theatre, arena and public baths; infrastructure works and decoration such as bridges, dams and aqueducts, streets, gates, drains, fountains and monumental sculptures.
Roman presence is Segovia is clear from the 2nd century BC and the most important Roman legacy is the impressive Aqueduct. The monument is a complex engineering work over 16 kilometres long and takes the water from the foot of the sierra, moving it up to the rocky point of the castle. The Aqueduct provided prestige and propaganda for Rome, and supplied the city which had, in the upper part of town, important homes and baths whose remains have been partially analysed.
Activity in the old part of the city in the last three decades has led to more being known about Roman Segovia. The Museum of Segovia is home to vestiges found on archaeological digs and offers a way to discover the Roman city.
Tarragona, former Roman Tarraco, achieved great importance as witnessed by its monuments. In fact, it was the first place outside Rome from where the Emperor Augustus governed the Empire (1st century BC). The city therefore overflowed with monuments, the forum was extended, public baths were built as well as the amphitheatre, the Augustus temple and the complex comprising the forum and circus. In turn, the paleo-Christian necropolis was built in the 3rd century AD.
Many of these monuments can be visited today.